Array [] in Typescript

Array [] in Typescript

An array is another data type in TypeScript that allows us to store collections of values of the same type. We can define an array using square brackets []. However, it is also recommended to specify the type of elements that will be stored in the array instead of using any. This helps avoid ambiguity and facilitates understanding the code by other developers in the future.

Declaring an Array with a Specific Type

To declare an array with a specific type, we can use the syntax let variable: Array<type>. For example, if we want to create an array of integers, we can do it in the following way:

let numbers: Array<number>;

We can also use the shortened syntax, where the type of the array is specified within square brackets:

let numbers: number[];

In both cases, the variable numbers will now be an array that can only store integers.

Examples of Using Arrays in Code

Storing a List of Values

Arrays are particularly useful when we want to store a list of values of the same type. For example, we can create an array that contains a list of names:

let names: string[] = ["Alice", "Bob", "Charlie", "David"];

Now, the variable names contains an array with four names.

Tired of reading? Watch this video to see how Wojtek makes things quick and easy (available in Polish only).

Wyświetl ten post na Instagramie

Post udostępniony przez Ragnarson (@ragnarsoncom)

Iterating through Array Elements

To iterate through all elements of an array, we can use a for loop or the forEach method.

let numbers: number[] = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];

// Using a for loop
for (let i = 0; i < numbers.length; i++) {

// Using the forEach method
numbers.forEach((num) => {

Both methods will print the values of the numbers array, which are numbers from 1 to 5.

Adding and Removing Elements

Arrays in TypeScript allow adding and removing elements in a straightforward way.

let fruits: string[] = ["apple", "banana", "orange"];

// Adding a new fruit to the end of the array

// Removing the last fruit from the array

// Adding a new fruit to the beginning of the array

// Removing the first fruit from the array

After executing the above operations, the fruits array will contain three elements: "banana", "orange", and "grape".

Searching for Elements

We can also search for the index of a specific value in the array.

let numbers: number[] = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50];

// Searching for the index of the number 30
let index = numbers.indexOf(30);

console.log(index); // Output: 2

The indexOf method will return the index of the first occurrence of the number 30 in the numbers array.

Why is it not worth using arrays of type any?

The any type removes static typing, which can lead to errors and security issues. Instead, it is advisable to precisely specify the data type stored in the array, allowing TypeScript to detect type errors during compilation. This makes the code more efficient, secure, and understandable for other developers.


Arrays are valuable tools in TypeScript that allow storing collections of values of the same type. By precisely specifying the type of the array, we can avoid errors and make the code more understandable for other developers. Knowing how to effectively use arrays enables us to manipulate data easily and perform various operations on collections of values in our programs.